Skip Navigation and go to Main Content
JCC Home page JCC Home Page
Home » Departments & Services » General Services » Capital Projects - Freedom Park Phase 4 - Freedom Park Trail
  Facebook Twitter YouTube Calendar
  Click to change text size Print this page ePayment Share this page

Contact Information:


General Services

113 Tewning Rd.
Williamsburg, VA 23188

Directions - Directory


P: 757-259-4080
F: 757-258-1528


Hours of Operation


7:30 - 4:30 p.m.




Freedom Park Phase 4 - Freedom Park Trail

July 7, 2014

Scope of Work

As part of the approved James City County Parks and Recreation Bond Referendum, and in implementation of the Board Adopted 2002 Greenways Master Plan, improvements were planned and designed for the trails system to include a connection from Freedom Park Entrance Road to the existing trail on Jolly Pond Road which currently terminates at the Jolly Pond School Complex property line. This segment will utilize several previously constructed trail segments for interconnection and is partially funded by a matching grant through the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR), Recreational Trails Program. The trail will cross the Colby Swamp using an existing logging road and will replace deteriorated metal pipe culverts with concrete culverts and re-use the 70-foot-span steel bridge previously spanning the Lake Powell spillway to cross the concrete high flow spillway. The overall project is approximately 1.2 miles in length and will be asphalt paved sections with the 70-foot-wooden decked steel bridge. This segment of trail implements a portion of the Freedom Park Master Plan by connecting Freedom Park with Hornsby Middle and Blayton Elementary Schools, a planned connection to facilitate multipurpose trail access to the schools. Additionally, it implements one of the highest priority elements of the Gordon’s Creek Watershed Management Plan through improvements to the existing impoundment where the trail crosses Colby Swamp.

Status of Project

Trail construction in Phase 1 (50 percent of trail) from Jolly Pond Road to the Colby Swamp low water crossing was completed in September 2013despite the frequent rains this summer. The concrete culverts have been installed replacing the deteriorated metal culverts at the Colby Swamp crossing. The concrete bridge abutments and spillway were completed and the bridge set in place. The Phase 1 trail is entirely paved with asphalt.

Paving Complete 2   Bridge and Phase 1 Trail

Completed Phase 1 TRail

View from Bridge
Last Section of Paving at Ellipse Garden

Paving Complete

Click pictures for larger views.

The Phase 2 (50 percent of trail) portion of trail from the swamp crossing to the Ellipse Garden was put on hold as a Phase 2 project due to impacts to endangered and threatened species. After the main trail contract was awarded, the grant money accepted and the contractor mobilized to the site, the Department of Conservation and US Fish and Wildlife Service expressed concerns that the Small Whorled Pogonia colony shown on the plans was too close to the proposed trail. After a field visit with all concerned parties, it was decided that the impacts to the threatened species would be too great and that there were other options to relocate the trail. AES Consulting Engineers completed the new design of the realigned trail in October 2013. Henderson, Inc., provided a change order to complete the realigned trail which was 700 feet longer than the previously proposed alignment. JCC Parks and Recreation has received additional grant funding to cover most of the costs of realignment.

As of the end of April 2014, Phase 2 is substantially complete with Henderson Inc presently working on some minor punch list items. December 2013 and January - March 2014 were rainy and progress was stopped pending dry weather.


Construction Phase - 99 percent complete


$497K Approved

Henderson - $401,762
Number of Change Orders -  2
Amount of Change Orders - $63,487
Contract Amount and percent completed - $441,987 - 95 percent
AES Consulting Engineers - $28,448
Number of Change Orders - 2
Amount of Change Orders - $2,120
Contract Amount and percent completed -  $30,568 – 100 percent
Additional Services - $30,781


  • Phase 1 (50 percent of trail) - Project graded, aggregate base and asphalt paving placed on entire Phase 1 trail.
  • Bridge abutment, spillway and bridge installation 100 percent complete.
  • Deteriorated corrugated metal culverts replaced with reinforced concrete pipe.
  • Phase 2 (remaining 50 percent) - Project graded and aggregate base placed on 90 percent of Phase 2 trail.
  • Trail is substantially complete.


Next Steps

  • Finish punch list items.
  • Remove erosion and sediment control structures once site is stabilized.

Project Issues

  • Threatened species impacts cause project to be realigned.
  • Work in environmentally sensitive areas along Colby Swamp.
  • Rainy weather and poor winter drying conditions.


Return to Projects page >>

The Official Site of James City County, Virginia
e-Subscribe | Contact Us | How do I? | e-Payment
Privacy Practices and Security Policy

James City Government Center · 101 Mounts Bay Road · Williamsburg, VA 23185